Three trees native to the Gulf and San Juan Islands are far more common and often dominant on south-facing sites:
Garry oak / Oregon white oak, ĆEṈÁLĆ [SENĆOŦEN], P’hwulhp [HUL’Q’UMI’NUM’], Quercus garryana;
arbutus / madrone, ЌEЌEILĆ [SENĆOŦEN], Qaanlhp [HUL’Q’UMI’NUM’], Arbutus menziesii; and
Pacific crabapple, ḴÁ,EW̱ILĆ [SENĆOŦEN], Qwa’up-ulhp [HUL’Q’UMI’NUM’], Malus fusca.
The red seeds on the black plate are arbutus, the brown are acorns, and the smaller yellow fruit are Pacific crab-apples. The larger yellow fruit are from a volunteer crab-apple that may well have hybridized with local populations of Malus fusca or more probably another Eurasian apple cultivar.
Late September and October, after days of rains, is the best time to plant these seeds and respective seedlings.
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