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Category Archives: heritage neighbourhoods & landscapes

Gordon Brent INGRAM: ongoing projects & collaborations

o Strategies for sustainability transitions

o Ecosystem recovery strategies through environmental planning and design

o Planning and design of public art and other cultural infrastructure for neighbourhood development & ecological restoration
o Critical social and cultural theory and criticism in site-based art, landscape architecture, urban design, and sustainability transitions

o [...]

Detail from Akbar’s Palace in Ajmer, Rajasthan

Gazebo for eastern France inspired by Lahore’s Naulakha Pavilion

This gazebo concept was proposed in 2004 for the garden of Chalet Corbeau in the town of Echenevex in the Pay du Gex region of France, near Geneva. The concept was inspired by Lahore’s Naulakha Pavilion which is photographed above. However, viewed in terms of the Canadian aesthetics of the both the clients and the [...]

Studies become designs become studies

Florence’s Ponte Vecchio on the Arno River May 1994

Misfat Al A’briyeen, Hajar Mountains, Oman

Much of the traditional agriculture of the Arabian / Persian Gulf region is in decline or being abandoned. Costs of water and labour have increased as have the expectations of farmers. Imports are relatively cheap. But more remote areas of Oman’s Hajar Mountains remain exceptional examples of particularly cosmopolitan forms of agro-forestry. Here date palm [...]

Northern Garry oak ecosystems: Landscape ecology analyses for biodiversity conservation planning


Much of my work as an environmental planner and designer has involved conservation and recovery of sensitive ecosystems and an underlying exploration of the relevance of the field of landscape ecology. The group of ecological communities and landscapes with which I have worked for the longest period, going back to my childhood and the land [...]

Mughal gardens as seminal landscapes for modernism

Modernism was prefigured by the Mughals or, more specifically, in some of the new public space which they created. I first began studying Moghul gardens in the summer of 2000 while advising on the development of a conservation concept for the Salt Range of the north-western Punjab, an area that saw one of India’s first [...]

Mughal Gardens: Cooling geometries of water, shade & sustainability

Perhaps no garden form, at least in recent centuries, functioned as much like a machine — or an organism as the charbagh of India.

Central axis and trough filled with water of the charbagh Humayun’s Tomb (viewed from the terrace of the tomb), New Delhi, 5 March, 2007, photograph by Gordon Brent Ingram

Mughal Gardens: The supple, gradated boundaries between exterior & interior spaces

The charbagh as the most basic element of Mughal gardens began as military resting posts in Central Asia as important for horses as for human beings. The only `indoors’ were the interiors of tents. But as many charbaghs were constructed and this new kind of landscape became widely established in India, the Mughal garden [...]

projects involving temperate rainforest research & conservation

Gordon Brent INGRAM Ph.D.  | email: studio[at symbol]

projects involving
temperate rainforest research & conservation
PDF copy available of this list of projects:

Upper Tofino Creek, in an eastern district of Clayoquot Sound, Vancouver Island, February 1991, photograph by Gordon Brent Ingram

1974 Old-growth forest, Skidegate Plateau, Graham Island and the east coast of [...]