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Category Archives: networks of open space & protected areas

Charbagh (4 gardens) skematics

The ‘Charbagh’ as in ‘four’ ‘gardens’ are structured by at least one strong horizontal and at least one vertical, uncovered irrigation channels and flourished in the gardens of the Mughal Empire. Originally inspired by Persian and Central Asian elements, the Mughal Charbagh absorbed more southerly design of South Asia particularly that of Rajasthan.

Gordon Brent INGRAM: ongoing projects & collaborations

o Strategies for sustainability transitions

o Ecosystem recovery strategies through environmental planning and design

o Planning and design of public art and other cultural infrastructure for neighbourhood development & ecological restoration
o Critical social and cultural theory and criticism in site-based art, landscape architecture, urban design, and sustainability transitions

o [...]

Misfat Al A’briyeen, Hajar Mountains, Oman

Much of the traditional agriculture of the Arabian / Persian Gulf region is in decline or being abandoned. Costs of water and labour have increased as have the expectations of farmers. Imports are relatively cheap. But more remote areas of Oman’s Hajar Mountains remain exceptional examples of particularly cosmopolitan forms of agro-forestry. Here date palm [...]

Northern Garry oak ecosystems: Landscape ecology analyses for biodiversity conservation planning


Much of my work as an environmental planner and designer has involved conservation and recovery of sensitive ecosystems and an underlying exploration of the relevance of the field of landscape ecology. The group of ecological communities and landscapes with which I have worked for the longest period, going back to my childhood and the land [...]

projects involving temperate rainforest research & conservation

Gordon Brent INGRAM Ph.D.  | email: studio[at symbol]

projects involving
temperate rainforest research & conservation
PDF copy available of this list of projects:

Upper Tofino Creek, in an eastern district of Clayoquot Sound, Vancouver Island, February 1991, photograph by Gordon Brent Ingram

1974 Old-growth forest, Skidegate Plateau, Graham Island and the east coast of [...]

The vulnerable heritage landscapes of Makbarat al Sahabi

The conflict that resulted in this battlefield and cemetery represents one of the largest and most decisive battles in this part of the region was in response to a revolt at Dibba in 632 AD (11 AH). At least a thousand people, on both sides, are thought to have died and been buried on [...]

Pakistan’s Salt Range: Exploring alternative strategies for forest biodiversity conservation & community development

I was first invited to the work in the Pakistan Punjab’s Salt Range in August 2000*.On these margins of the Indian subcontinent’s monsoons, the heat of the summer broke into showers. My time in those hills and low-lying mountains has been enchanting though has sometimes been overwhelmed in realization the extent of the [...]

Balad Sayt, Hajar Mountains, Oman

Survey of remaining mangrove forest and human communities, southern Sundarbans, Bangladesh

Sundarbans sample plot for identifying remaining fragments of more intact mangrove forest, courtesy of Mohammed Abu Syed


In August of 2000, at the height of the monsoon rains, I went to the Kulna District of Bangladesh to advise one of my graduate students, Mohammed Abu Syed. ‘Syed’ who now teaches remote sensing for [...]

Mentawai-initiated protected areas, Siberut, Indonesia

Mentawai-initiated protected areas, Siberut, Indonesia
The island of Siberut is off of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Until recently, Siberut was dominated by mature rainforest and horticultural landscapes called ladang. In response to government efforts to relocate traditional villages and the negative ecological and cultural impacts of selective logging Siberut has been the subject of a [...]